Following the WTO dispute, the EU had until 2007 to incorporate the Lomé agreements into WTO rules. The EU Green Paper highlighted several options for post-year 2000 trade agreements, including: (i) uniform trade agreements in relation to several trade agreements; (ii) differentiated and general trade agreements; (iii) reciprocal and non-reciprocal trade agreements; and (iv) the treaty (long-term, bilateral or multilateral security) towards a unilateral agreement (at the eu`s political discretion). CONCORD presents a list of recommendations to put in place the most effective and useful mechanisms and elements of integration and defence of the role and space of civil society in the post-2020 EU-ACP agreement. The Interim EPA between the EU and the Pacific ACP countries was signed in July 2009 by Papua New Guinea and Fiji in December 2009. Papua New Guinea ratified it in May 2011. In July 2014, Fiji decided to begin provisional implementation of the agreement. Of the 14 Pacific countries, Papua New Guinea and Fiji account for the bulk of EU-Pacific trade. For the East and Southern Africa region, Mauritius, Seychelles, Zimbabwe and Madagascar signed an EPA in 2009. The agreement has been implemented on an interim basis since 14 May 2012. The European Commission has officially begun negotiations with ACP countries for a new partnership agreement to succeed the Cotonou Partnership Agreement. This gave rise to the Yaounde Agreements of 1963 and 1969, which served as the basis for cooperation between the new independent African states and the EEC. The Yaounde agreements were based on the final objective of the Treaty of Rome to expand trade and gave the EEC better access to AASM resources and markets. In comparison, many MSA countries remained too dependent on EU markets and continued to focus on exports of raw materials and raw materials.
The Yaounde Accords have also been criticized for allowing France`s political and economic domination in French-speaking Africa, which continues to this day. However, the agreements have allowed both access to aid and trade in the EU market on the basis of reciprocity. The Cotonou agreement introduces the idea of performance-based partnerships and forgoes “aid rights” such as fixed endowments, regardless of delivery. The implementation of the Cotonou agreement has been extended until December 2020. The agreement was originally due to expire in February 2020, but as negotiations on the future agreement are still ongoing, this has been delayed until the end of the year. The first formal association agreements were those of Yaounde I and II in the 1960s, followed by the Lomé Conventions (I-IV), which were in force for the period 1975-2000 and which were intended to support the acp countries` efforts for autonomous development. The European Commission has published a joint communication entitled “Towards a Renewed Partnership with African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP) after 2020”, in which: This is the most comprehensive partnership agreement between developing countries and the EU, which has enabled EU relations with 79 countries, 48 of which are from sub-Saharan Africa, to cover.